Maarten Van Horenbeeck
Maarten Van Horenbeeck is Lead Expert to the United Nation's IGF Best Practices Forum on Cybersecurity and a Board member and former Chairman of the Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams (FIRST).

FIRST is the largest global association of security teams, with over 400 members in 87 countries. He is also Chief Information Security Officer of Zendesk, a customer service and engagement software company headquartered in San Francisco.

Van Horenbeeck holds a master’s degree in information security from Edith Cowan University in Western Australia and a master’s degree in international relations from the Freie Universitat Berlin, and is a fellow in New America’s Cybersecurity Initiative.

Global Commons, or connected States? The contest for the soul of the internet
Technical Level (3 being the highest score): 1

In 1996, The Mentor wrote in his "Hacker's Manifesto" that "This is our world now... the world of the electron and the switch, the beauty of the baud". Online, personal creativity was more powerful more than government.

Since then, the number of internet users has grown from 36 million to 4.5 billion. Many key government services have been usurped by commercial online services. In response, governments have manifested their control over the internet in a number of ways: by building services of their own, through international diplomacy and applying international law online, but also through criminalizing technical expertise online, or through technical laws that change technology- from the crypto wars in the 90s through interception laws today. Government sponsored attacks have turned our world as incident responders upside down cost corporations financially, and reduce trust online.

With this, an international and mostly peaceful contest has erupted for the soul of the internet. Perhaps for the first time in history, civil society groups, governments and private sector companies are empowered to engage in international diplomacy on how a key part of our society functions. In this talk, you'll learn from the about the different forums, organizations and mechanisms that govern the internet. It covers attempts at developing binding international law such as the Budapest Convention, and how the growth of cyber norms and alliances such as the Paris Call, the Charter of Trust and the Tech Accord aim to stabilize and secure the internet and prevent misuse.

Whether you think of the Internet as a Global Commons, or as a networked set of States, you'll realize that a multi-stakeholder approach that involves all of us is the only way these mechanisms can be effective. And you'll walk away with ideas on how your company or non-profit can help steer the ship.

Presentation video can be found HERE